What is Asylum?
Since 1994 the U.S. Department of Justice has allowed individuals who are persecuted because of their sexual orientation to seek sanctuary in the United States through a process called political asylum.
A non-United States citizen can seek political asylum in the United States if they have a fear of being persecuted in their country of origin because of their political opinion, religion, race, national origin, or membership in a particular social group. For example, people seeking asylum based on their sexual orientation or status as a transgender person usually apply based on their membership in their social group, their political opinion, or their religion. Individuals who are fleeing are in danger from their community, their government, their families, or their church. If granted political asylum, individuals have the right to remain in the United States and the right to family reunification (with spouse and children). Eventually, they have the right to apply for U.S. citizenship.